Enhance Content Literacy by Using Literacy Strategies: 3 Lists of Possible Reading Strategies

When you plan strategies for your classroom it is important to keep your students in the loop. Let them know the names of the strategies. Help them to understand how the strategies support what good readers do. This will help them to become independent readers and thinkers as they think about becoming better at reading rather than just being satisfied with minimal reading skill. When you plan strategies for your classroom also consider the ones that you would repeat because repetition reinforces the strategies to become automatic. Good readers automatically root through their arsenal of strategies and make a decision about how to tackle the reading task presented to them and/or chosen by them. Here is three lists of possible strategies worth repeating for reinforcement.

LIST 1 (Note: list 1 not all strategies are linked. In progress.)

Vocabulary Strategies
Vocabulary Notebook
Vocabulary Overview
Word Map
Word Sorts (images)
Pre-reading Strategies
DRTA (Directed Reading/Thinking Activity)
During Reading Strategies
Describing Circle
Read, Rate, Reread Chart
After Reading Strategies
Bubble Map
Cause & Effect Graphic Organizer
Cluster Graphic Organizer
Collaborative Summarizing Sheet
Concept Ladder
Content Graphic Organizer 
Elements of Fiction
Fact Chart
Flow Chart
Magnet Summaries
Main Idea with Supporting Details Map
Multiple Cause Map
Multiple Effect Map
Narrowing Triangle
QAR (Question/Answer/Relationship)
Relationship Map
Spider Map
Story Map
T Chart

And more... all you need for teaching.

Anticipation Guides
ReadWriteThink: Anticipation Guides - From the International Reading Association, very comprehensive informaiton on anticipation guides.
Anticipation Guides - Provided by Education World. Anticipation Guides - is an educational initiative of WETA the flagship public television and radio station in the nation's capital, and is funded by Carnegie Corporation of New York and by the Ann B. and Thomas L. Friedman Family Foundation.
Concept Ladders
Concept Ladder - Janet Allen's version of a concept ladder. (She's a well-known literacy educator.)
Concept Ladders - Description and template provided by Edmond, OK public schools.
Developing Questions for Reading: Concept Ladder - More examples and a template
Cornell or Double-Column Note-taking
The Cornell Note-taking System - Provided by Cornell University, this page offers a clear visualization of the system.
Double Column Note-taking - Example from the University of Idaho.
Column Notes - Includes a variety of uses of columned notes. From University of Central Florida.
GIST: Generating Interactions between Schemata and Texts
GIST: Generating Interactions Between Schemata and Texts - Information and links to more about GIST. Includes the 5Ws and H.
GIST - Description and examples from University of North Carolina at Charlotte.
Jigsaw/Expert Groups -
Jigsaw - Site funded by Ann B. and Thomas L. Friedman Family Foundation and Carnegie Corporation of New York.
Reading Rockets: Jigsaw - Site funded by grant from the U.S. Department of Education, Office of Special Education Programs.
Instructional Strategies Online: Jigsaw - From Saskatoon Public Schools.
K-W-L - K-W-L -Provided by Professor Thomas H. Estes at the University of Virginia and includes extensive reading and comprehension strategies
KWL - From North Central Regional Educational Laboratory.
Instructions on Strategies Online: K-W-L - Provided by Saskatoon Public Schools in California. A very comprehensive guide to using KWL.
An update on KWL - visuals and explanation
QAR (Question-Answer Relationship)
QAR - Site provided by "Just Read Now" - a project of the Beacon Learning Center, an online resource center offering curriculum resources based on Florida's Sunshine State Standards.
Modified QAR - University of Central Florida hosts this site. - Question-Answer Relationship - Provided by Professor Thomas H. Estes at the University of Virginia and includes extensive reading and comprehension strategies.
R.A.F.T. (Role, Audience, Format, Topic)
RAFT from - Provided by Professor Thomas H. Estes at the University of Virginia and includes extensive reading and comprehension strategies.
Instructional Strategies online: RAFT - Provided by Saskatoon Public Schools in California. Provides several good examples of using RAFT.
RAFT - University of Central Forida hosts this site.
REAP: Read, Encode, Annotate, Ponder
Precision Instruction: REAP - This article is a bit technical but also gives some good examples of REAP.
Higher Order Thinking and REAP - The section on REAP is about one-third of the way down the page. This method was developed by two professors at UMKC.
Skimming and Scanning
Skimming and Scanning - Provided by Anne Arundel Community College
Skimming and Scanning - Provided by University of Texas. Notice the differences and similarities between their use of skimming and scanning and the one above.
SQ3R and/or PQ4R
SQ3R: A Reading and Study Skill System - Provided by Virginia Tech University.
SQ3R - Extensive descriptions from Alamo College.
The SQ3R Reading Method - Adapted from a book titled Effective Study.
PQ4R - Summary provided by the Chico California State University.
Think-Pair-Share isn't always used as a reading strategy, but it can be used that way. Be sure the way you define and use it relates to reading.
Think-Pair-Share - Provided by Science Education Resource Center of Carleton College.
Instructional Strategies Online: Think-Pair-Share - Provided by Saskatoon Public Schools in California. Provides several good examples of using Think-Pair-Share.
Differentiated Instruction: Think-Pair-Share - Discusses the Think-Pair-Share strategy, created by Frank Lyman. Provided by Egg Harbor Township School District, NJ.
Vocabulary/Word Study
Vocabulary Ideas Compiled by Deb Smith - LOADS of vocabulary ideas from a reading teacher.
Word Study - Word study links to handouts from Janet Allen.
Word Study Activities from Words Their Way - Provided by the Literacy Connection.
Vocabulary Maps - From Reading
Vocabulary Word Box - From University of Central Florida with a grant from the Florida Department of Education.

And more ... LIST 3

5 Minutes Reading Strategies (several subjects)
Read Alouds: Reading A-Z, McGraw-Hill
Screening in the RTI Framework

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